List of Names
Name is the father puts the child in case of trouble or out of spite. Formerly they placed names with meanings. From a grammatical point of view, more accurately morphosyntactic, names are called nouns. From a lexical point of view the names are classified as Lexi, phraseological units or securities. While the semantics is concerned with seeing the names are divided into semantic fields.
Names can come and by tradition coined or created to describe a new reality. In this second case are chosen for their brevity and strangeness, so that the identification of the person, thing or concept is easy, fast and clear. Often this is not possible, so they resort to procedures such as clipping abbreviation, shortening, abbreviation or acronym, or uses a foreign word more or less adapted, called lexical borrowing.
The onomastic research names, their meanings and their historical origins and etymology origin and cause. A more general discipline, the symbolism, with its associated disciplines of iconology and iconography, studies nonverbal names.
Person's name and common names
As mentioned above the main function of the names is to the communicative function of designating or pointing to a referent. From this point of view names can be classified as:
- The names have as reference a single element, and lack of linguistic meaning, since they act as mere labels that represent an object or entity.
- Common names (nouns) instead designate a set of elements, as you can see in our list of names. Thus the words 'tree', 'home' or 'dog' refers to objects that are classified as trees, houses or dogs. The reference of a noun is determined by the linguistic meaning of the name.
The study of the common names generally falls to the grammar and semantics, which are responsible for determining their syntactic combinatorial properties of linguistic meaning as its internal structure or morphology.
With regard to names, but do not have linguistic meaning, historically can be derived from lexical words or terms in itself if had linguistic meaning. The study of the historical origin of the names is the name day competition, which falls mainly in the anthroponymy or study of people's names and place names or the study of place names.
The various scientific disciplines need to catalog the realities they discover and for this they need a clear taxonomy that provides a classification or scale to classify onomastics in a regular order of general to more specific common names. These designations are related to the similarities or dissimilarities between the entities listed and for that science should adopt a set criteria and objectives of designation. The first successful attempt in this direction was made by biology with the nomenclature of Linnaeus.
Animals and plants are known by a common name, which can vary by language, culture, geography, etc. However, to avoid errors, scientists identify each species with its Latin name, that is, a scientific name.